Gábor Bojár
Ernő Duda
Andrea Szabó
Dominika Szabó
Contact hours
2x2 hours/week
4 credits

Aims of the Course:

Unlike pre-professional courses with similar titles at business schools, the goal of this course is neither to prepare for a business career nor to promote entrepreneurship among CS majors.
In contrast our goals are:

  • To help students to decide whether to consider an entrepreneurial career;
  • To help students to gain a deeper understanding of dynamic economic and social environments and cross-cultural differences;
  • To help students to assess ethical aspects of business;
  • To help students to assess and evaluate the business potentials of their prospective employers;
  • To enable students to design IT products and services with better marketability by understanding customers’ purchasing motivations and understanding cross-cultural differences and
  • To enable students to integrate better into their future employers’ organization by understanding the roles and key considerations of each player in an IT company, such as founders, managers, marketing-, sales- and technical support people.

Short Description of the course:

AIT’s Leadership and Entrepreneurship Studies course is designed for undergraduate students at liberal art colleges and engineering schools, particularly for those pursuing Computer Science/Engineering degrees. These students generally do not have prior background in business. Understanding today’s technological, social and business environment, however, is crucial for scientists and engineers responsible for the design of future IT products and services. Students will be familiar with the business aspects of the IT field and with the characteristics and responsibilities of successful leaders. 

Students will be exposed to the frameworks and tools required to evaluate potential market opportunities, perform product evaluation from marketability perspectives (RWW analysis) perform SWOT analyses, prepare strategic plans and financial models, as well as “package” their business idea for presentation to investors and different types of customers. In addition, the course provides insights into the particular management challenges facing startups, such as team motivation, equity and compensation issues, managing growth and others. Special attention is paid to the impact of globalization, cross cultural adaptation skills, the different challenges facing entrepreneurs in the US, Europe, and Asia/Pacific, and cultural differences within Europe. 


Main topics covered:

  • How to choose a carrier, carrier timeline.
  • Small vs. large organizations.
  • What makes an “Entrepreneur?" External and internal motivations, human attributes of successful entrepreneurs.
  • Self-awareness workshop about entrepreneurial and leadership ambitions.
  • Psychology of entrepreneurship.
  • Identifying market opportunities, relevant constraints vs. competitive advantages.
  • Presentation skills, presentation workshop.
  • The different phases of market development and appropriate marketing messages to customers.
  • How to communicate with potential customers.
  • Team management and motivation.
  • Conflict handling workshop.
  • The challenges of growth. 
  • How to communicate with investors, different communication strategies with angel-, venture and public investors.
  • Financial planning exercise.
  • Exponential technologies and exponential organizations.
  • Business ethics.
  • Leadership. 

All of these topics are illustrated with examples from the instructors' entrepreneurial history (at Graphisoft and Solvo) with their successes and failures. The conclusions are supported by the history of Apple, Microsoft, Google, and other key players of the global IT industry as well. Students will visit start-up and mature companies and hear presentations from selected guest speakers from the Hungarian business community.

Learning outcome:

  • Students will be able to evaluate and assess their own entrepreneurial skills and ambitions;
  • Students will be able to evaluate and assess their own leadership skills and ambitions;
  • Students will learn how to motivate employees in different positions and different maturation phases of the business;
  • Students will learn how to resolve conflicts;
  • Students will improve their communication skills to investors and customers of IT products;
  • Students will be able to build empathy with lay customers, not having any background in IT, and will learn how to understand customers’ businesses and priorities;
  • Student will develop and practice interpersonal and other important “soft skills”;
  • Students will have increased understanding and acceptance of diversities in viewpoints;
  • Students will be able to analyze competitive advantages and challenges, market opportunities and resource requirements;
  • Students will learn how to balance shareholders’ interest and wealth maximization with the legitimate interests of others, such as customers, employees, business partners and the entire society;
  • Students will improve their ability to express and supplement their own analyses and improve their presentation skills and
  • Students will gain understanding of financial planning.


Method of Instruction:

The course is organized into interactive lectures, workshops and projects. Lectures include slide presentations, available to students following presentation in class. Slides serve as guidelines only and do not summarize all points presented in class, and some parts of presentations may be verbal only, without slides. Guest lecturers from the Hungarian business community will also speak in class, and company visits (2-3 companies / semester) will be organized. 

Soft skills seminars will be organized as interactive self-awareness workshops, based on pair work, work in triads and individual work. As soft skills don’t come in a textbook, they come from inside every individual, the seminars will aim at raising awareness of the students’ strengths they can rely on and on areas of development. These seminars will be mini trainings focusing on individual and group reflection. 


Homework assignments:

For project-based group work, teams of 3-4 students develop presentations about a particular business idea. Each group selects a business idea from the array of choices offered by the instructor, and the groups are also allowed to propose alternate ideas. The goal is not to invent the “best idea” but to develop the skills to assess a business idea whether there is a real market for the product, what kind of competitive advantages are required, and the financial viability of the project (RWW analysis). Students also develop skills to present a business idea to potential investors and to potential customers. Students develop presentations for different simulated audiences in 2 presentation sessions: 

  • Presentation session 1: Business idea presentation to early investors (business angels). 
  • Presentation session 2: Presentation to three different type of customers: to pioneers on a new technology market, to visionaries on a developing market and to pragmatists on a mature market.

The presentations’ purpose is to develop the students’ ability to formulate appropriate message for different audiences. The customer presentations demonstrate students’ selling ambitions and skills, their understanding of customers’ motivations in different market development phases.

Market survey: Students are expected to identify target customer groups and design a survey that allows them to assess the real market need for their product. Each group is then expected to conduct customer surveys with real potential customers. Every student is required to speak to at least five different potential clients, then the group needs to share and discuss their findings and present their conclusions. 

Essays about companies visitedThroughout the semester students are expected to write essays about the companies visited (3000 - 4000-character each), analyze their strengths and weaknesses, their market opportunities and related challenges (SWOT analysis). Students are also expected to assess the attractiveness of the visited companies as potential employers as well as the ethical aspects of their business.

Two personal SWOT analyses: (3500 – 4000 characters each) will be required as assignments that are linked to the soft skills segments of the course. Students are expected to prepare their personal analysis about their own entrepreneurial ambitions and skills, and in the second half of the semester they should prepare a similar analysis about their leadership ambitions and skills. 

Financial exerciseA workshop will be conducted about the basic financial calculations, including Profit and Loss statement (P/L) and Cash Flow statement (C/F), with particular focus on the difference between the two. Students are expected to make another version as a home work.

Final ExamBy the end of the course a 5000 -10,000-characters long Self-reflection paper and presentation is to be submitted about your own improvement in the course.




Type of work Assignment Individual or group work Estimated workload
Assigned readings   Individual 20 hours
Personal SWOT 1 SWOT analysis about your entrepreneurial ambitions and skills Individual 3 hours
Presentation 1. Presentation of business idea to early investors Team 7 hours
Essays 1. Analyze companies (based on company visits) Individual 6 hours
Presentation 2. Presentation of a product to 3 different types of customers Team 7 hours
Market research Customer questionnaire and interviews Team 8 hours
Personal SWOT 2. SWOT analyses about your leadership ambitions and skills. Individual 4 hours
Financial exercise P/L and C/F sheets about a stipulated company financials Individual 10 hours
Final Exam Self reflection paper and presentation about your improvement in the course Individual 8 hours



Your own SWOT analysis from entrepreneurial perspective: 5%

Presentations to different audiences:

  • To angel investors (10%)
  • To customers at different market maturity (10%)
Customer survey 5%
Essays about visited companies 15%
Financial exercise 10%
Workshop activity 15%
Class activity, challenging each other and the prof 15%
Self-reflection paper and presentation: (how your own SWOT analysis changed) 15%


Prerequisites: No need for specific management or accounting skills for this course.


  • Moore, Geoffrey: Crossing the Chasm
  • Aulet, Bill: Disciplined Entrepreneurship: 24 Steps to a Successful Startup, Wiley 2013
  • Proposed “light” reading: Bojár, Gabor: The Graphisoft Story, Hungarian Perestroika from an Entrepreneur’s Perspective, Translated from Graphi-sztori, HVG, 2005.

Synergies with other courses:

Participants of the Leadership and Entrepreneurship Studies course are encouraged to sign up for the User Experince Design course as well, because the objectives of the two courses are closely related. While the Leadership and Entrepreneurship Studies course is focuses on building a company to sell a product, the User Experience Design course focuses on how to design an easy-to-use product. The best way to present a product idea to potential investors, for example, is to present its preliminary user interface plan. In other words, successful entrepreneurs should have a good sense of user interface design as well. 



Instructors' bio:

Gábor Bojár (born 1949) is one of the very few entrepreneurs of Central-Eastern Europe to have succeeded in global business during the era of state-socialism. He founded Graphisoft, a software development firm, which became one of the top three international software vendors in its field within ten years. Claiming the most prestigious awards of the trade, Graphisoft's leading product, ArchiCAD® is used by hundreds of thousands of architects around the world. Graphisoft was listed on the Frankfurt and the Budapest stock exchange and has been purchased by Nemetscheck Gmbh in 2007. Mr. Bojár remains Chairman of Graphisoft's Board of Directors. Mr. Bojár is also the founder of Graphisoft Park, a real-estate development that turned an industrial site on the bank of the River Danube into a state-of-the art science park. Mr. Bojár was also an adjunct faculty member of Central European University Business School, lectures internationally, and has published a book exploring the "Graphisoft story" with an analytic perspective.

In 2007 Mr. Bojar founded Aquincum Institute of Techology and dedicates most of his time and other resources to realize the mission of AIT. Mr. Bojár has received numerous national and international awards for scientific and business excellence. He has been named by the Wall Street Journal as one of the ten most successful entrepreneurs in Central Europe and by Ernst and Young as Entrepreneur of the Year in Hungary. He has also spoken at several prestigious events including the Davos World Economic Forum. Mr. Bojar obtained his M.S. in physics from Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest.

Ernő Duda (born 1968) is Co-Founder, President & CEO of Solvo Biotechnology, Hungary’s largest independent biopharmaceutical company. Mr. Duda is also Founder and President of the Hungarian Biotechnology Association, and Co-Founder and Senior Consultant of Qualinnova Consulting. He has been acting as CEO of Solvo since 1999, and as a genuine entrepreneur, he has founded or co-founded 20 companies, including a corporate finance consulting company focused on high-tech Hungarian start-ups, and Hungary’s largest online second-hand book store. He is Co-Founder and Chairman of Aquincum Incubator, founded to help to develop new technology startups. He was Vice President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Hungary, and President of the Junior Achievement Foundation Hungary. Mr. Duda was a member of the Research and Technology Innovation Council, the Board of Trustees of the Bay Zoltán Foundation for Applied Research, and works on the board of the Hungarian Association for Innovation. As an Associate Professor at the University of Szeged, he holds courses on the business aspect of the biotech industry. He is also a regular contributor to newspapers, periodicals and other publications, and frequently holds presentations on biotechnology and entrepreneurship at conferences, trainings and other public events.

Andrea Szabó (born in 1969) works as an executive, team and career coach, and as a Gestalt Therapist. She holds an M.A. degree (Eötvös Lóránd University, Budapest), a degree in Human Resources Management (Central European University), and a Degree in Gestalt Psychotherapy (Norwegian Gestalt Institute). She has a certification in individual and team coaching, and a license in career coaching (Accredited by the Association of Coaching, London, UK). Andrea has held various managerial positions for 15 years before becoming a coach in 2008. She has worked as a Managing Partner for the largest Hungarian Executive Search firm, Telkes Consulting Inc, and as the HR Director Worldwide for Graphisoft. She has a professional international background, having worked on projects e.g. in the U.S., Canada, Japan, Germany, Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland.

Dominika Szabó is an associate professor at the liberal arts college of McDaniel College Budapest, and is a communications expert. As a storytelling and communications trainer, she designs and facilitates trainings and workshops focusing on business development, branding and communication purposes. She mentors startups even from an early stage, helping them develop entrepreneurship skills and build effective communication strategies. She started to teach at AIT in 2022, she has been teaching courses in AIT’ Leadership and Entrepreneurship Studies.

Students' Review About This Course

"My favourite class at AIT was the LES course. I was really excited to expanding my business knowledge and that definitely happened. But beyond that, this class taught me valuable personal and career skills that I will carry with me for the rest of my life. The class discussion topics have help me better understand myself, my relationship with others and my career goals."

Madeline Griswold

Madeline Griswold

Brown University

"This course taught me to ask the right questions from a prospective employer, to evaluate its business and to see if it will be a good place to work. I have learned to look at a software from the customer’s perspective to be able to create useful and marketable products."

Pratik Prasad

Pratik Prasad

University of Washington

LES course is the most valuable class at AIT for anyone who wants to be an entrepreneur. As a previous startup founder, I only wish I could have taken this class earlier. It helped me learn more about the potential market through my competitors and clarify the different motivations of players such as angels, venture capitals, and employees involved in a startup. The most important lesson I learned was how to strategize each step in a business to bring the best out of the talents and avoid the traps that can lead the business owner away from focusing on customers. You will learn from the experts who went from the very early stage of a startup until it became a global company. You will discover many mistakes that entrepreneurs should avoid when running a company and it will help you think differently when it is your time to run a startup.

Kevin Kim

Woochul (Kevin) Kim

Grinnell College

"LES was one of my favorite courses to take in AIT and would encourage others to take it as well. This course not only shows you the steps and process of what it means to be an entrepreneur but also teaches you on what it means to be a good leader. The professor who teaches this class all have the credential experience to back up what they teach in the class. This is what I love about the class, knowing that the lesson and knowledge I am gaining in class is not something from a book or novel but from someone who has gone through this path. Again, I would highly encourage others to take this class."


Tenzin Nyima

Macalester College

"Taking the Leadership and Entrepreneurship course at AIT has been a game-changer. The chance to learn from some of the most successful entrepreneurs, who offer candid and comprehensive advice, is truly unique. This class has provided me with invaluable knowledge and connections that have significantly shaped my entrepreneurial mindset."

Ákos Varjú

Ákos Varjú

Budapest University of Technology and Economics